'Levelling up'

‘I don’t think I can cope financially’ – the people putting off parenthood because of austerity

By Sarah Marie Hall, University of Manchester

This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article.

Britain’s birth rates are plunging. The number of babies being born has been in steep decline since 2017. Now, researchers are investigating early signs that the pandemic may have caused rates to drop even further.

This is not totally surprising given the difficult economic conditions that have come with the pandemic – history also shows that economic uncertainty has long been associated with reduced birth rates.

The birth rate in the UK has been declining year on year since 2013 and has been linked to the austerity measures implemented by the government in response to the 2008 global financial crisis.

Austerity cuts have decimated social care, welfare and local government. They have led to rising rents (private rents increased by 24% between 2010 to 2017), shrinking social housing stock, adults living or moving back home with parents, along with more people precariously employed, due to insecure forms of work and retreating state support. Such inequalities have seeped into the fabric of everyday life. And these austerity measures have been particularly acute for young people growing up over the past ten years.

As part of my recent research, I looked at how austerity has influenced people’s decisions around having children. I carried out in-depth interviews with 12 people living in the North East of England – a region that has some of the lowest birth rates in the UK – and that has been significantly damaged by austerity.

Altered reproductive plans

All the people I spoke to had been deeply affected by the government’s austerity measures. They told me how the cuts in spending and the economic climate had altered their reproductive plans. Vihaan was not alone when he told me how he and his partner had put their plans on hold because of issues with “financial planning, stability…and having enough of a financial back up so that we can afford a decent life”.

Many people I spoke with also found it hard to know whether to have children – or more children if they already had a child. Austerity had affected their intimate relationships and changed their feelings about what their future might hold.

They spoke a lot about their worries for the future. Most of these worries were based on financial insecurity – concerns about secure and appropriate housing, steady employment – as well as meaningful and healthy relationships.

They also spoke about the sheer pressure of carrying these worries, keeping them in check and at the same time holding together hopes for their unknown reproductive futures.

Woman holding newborn baby in chair.
The birth rate in England and Wales is now the lowest it has ever been since records began. Shutterstock

One participant, Lauren, said she worries about financial instability – particularly her partner’s debt – and how this will affect their future. Like many other participants, Lauren spoke about wanting to do more than just survive:

I want to be in the position in the future where I do have a kid, that I think I can give it everything it wants. I don’t want to have to scrimp and save to be able to give it a life.

Similarly, Jonny spoke about his worries of needing to feel ready and prepared if they were to have a child. For him and his partner, this included having certain material and practical elements in place – housing, childcare and income – before feeling able to make a decision.

He described this as “sorting ourselves out” and spoke about all the decision making this involved: whether to have children or not, whether to stay living where they are now or to move closer to his mum, along with whether to keep his stable job or to risk setting up his own business. He talked about “putting real thought” into these decisions and “weighing them up”.

Limited choice

For the people I interviewed, and many others like them, a combination of personal circumstances and government cuts in spending have made their futures less certain. And for some, it has taken away the possibility of having children – or more children – because of ongoing financial concerns and worries.

Sze-Kei described the impact of austerity measures on her family, saying: “at the back of your mind, you have to think about the financial side of things”. She talked about how she hoped to have another child in the future but she worried about if they could afford it. She spoke about how she wanted to remember how hard it is to raise children and how she felt about being pregnant the first time. Sze-Kei also seemed to bear this worry more than her husband, saying “I don’t think I can cope financially”.

In this way, it is important to recognise that austerity policies not only directly affect people’s lives and decision making, but they ultimately shape people’s life course – with those on the lowest incomes often hit hardest. And given the ongoing uncertainty as a result of the pandemic, along with the fact that poor young people have been the hardest hit by COVID, this may well be a trend that continues for some time to come.

*All names have been change

About the author: Sarah Marie Hall is Reader in Human Geography at University of Manchester. She is also co-editor of the journal Area.

Suggested further reading

Hall, S.M. (2017), Personal, relational and intimate geographies of austerity. Area,  https://doi.org/10.1111/area.12251

Strong, S. (2021) Towards a geographical account of shame: Foodbanks, austerity, and the spaces of austere affective governmentality. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers https://doi.org/10.1111/tran.12406

Kiely, E. (2021) Stasis disguised as motion: Waiting, endurance and the camouflaging of austerity in mental health services. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographershttps://doi.org/10.1111/tran.12431

Hughes SM. (2021) “Wait for a permanent contract”: The temporal politics of (in)fertility as an early career researcher. Environment and Planning C: Politics and Space. doi:10.1177/2399654421994852

1 comment

  1. Unfortunately, the pandemic situation brought a lot of negative things in our world, affecting a lot of spheres of our life. Of course, it contributed to difficult economic conditions which became one of the reasons for the decrease in the birth rate which is so sad. Without any doubts, parents want to ensure a prosperous life for their child and approach his birth with all seriousness, but this financial instability and problems make them wait with it because they don’t want to condemn a child to poverty or some material problems. I think that it is reasonable action but it is so important to contribute to changing these austerity policies in a global way, fighting with it and letting people spread their wings without being afraid of giving one more creature a life.

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